The plasma dry reforming reaction of methane with carbon dioxide is investigated in a nanosecond repetitively pulsed discharge, a type of plasma that offers some of the highest performance and non-equilibrium characteristics. The experiment’s purpose was to examine the effect of varying the sequence of high-voltage pulses. We find that when successive pulses are closer than 500 μs, a memory-dominated regime gradually develops, which influences subsequent breakdown events. While reactant conversions increase with the plasma energy, both energy efficiency and conversions increase by shortening the inter-pulse time at the same plasma energy. This finding suggests that plasma power is not the only thing that matters to achieve better performance. How it is delivered can make a significant difference, in particular for CO2, whose conversion doubles at the maximum energy for molecule investigated, 1.6 eV molecule-1.en start writing!
C. Montesano, M. Faedda, L.M. Martini, G. Dilecce, P. Tosi, CH4 reforming with CO2 in a nanosecond pulsed discharge. The importance of the pulse sequence, Journal of CO2 Utilization 49, 101556 (2021).